Triathlon Success: Movement Prep
Limited mobility is a fairly common finding among recreational runners, bikers, and swimmers. Very often, the deficits are worse on one side of the body. A movement asymmetry makes any triathlete more susceptible to injury. As a group, triathletes benefit greatly from the diligent application of a simple movement preparation program. Movement preparation drills help prevent and/or train away mobility impairments.
Movement Prep is Superior to Stretching
For athletes, movement preparation drills are more beneficial than static stretching. Movement prep improves postural reflexes, deceleration skills, standing balance, and coordination. Any extra mobility you achieve with training must be controlled by your neuromuscular system during varying level of fatigue. Movement prep develops all aspects of athleticism. The two exercises I recommend for endurance athletes are the moving posterior lunge and the world’s greatest stretch.
Moving Posterior Lunge
Most runners and bikers have tight hip flexors, weak lateral gluteals, and limited lumbar extension range of motion. This exercise will improve all of these areas.
Stand tall and step backward with your right leg. Try to get the right knee close to the ground, stay balanced, and keep the torso tall. At the same time, bring your arms overhead. Push up with the left leg, lower the arms, and return to standing. Repeat with the left leg and move down the track with alternating posterior lunges. Perform ten repetitions on each leg. Perform five times on each side. Common mistakes are allowing the torso to tip forward and caving inward of the front knee.
World’s Greatest Stretch
Running, biking, and swimming are primarily single plane motions. Runners do little in the way of rotational motion and often have restricted thoracic spines. The world’s greatest stretch opens up the thoracic spine and will reveal any limitation in movement capacity between the right and left legs.
You need about ten yards of open space. Stand tall and step forward with the left leg. Place the hands down on the ground and attempt to lower the pelvis to the ground. Pause, support the torso with the right hand, and turn toward the left leg. Reach the left hand to the sky and pause in full rotation. Return the left hand to the ground outside the left knee and gently attempt to straighten the left knee and then pause. Bring the right leg up and return to standing. Repeat the drill with the right leg stepping forward. Perform five times on each side. Many mistakes are made with this drill. Please persevere as it is worthy of your efforts.
View the video here: Movement Prep Video
Michael S. O’Hara, PT, OCS, CSCS