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Body Parts

Triathlon Success: Core Connection

In the fitness world core stability training has gained a solid foothold and more people are getting away from spinal damaging resisted twisting machines and the ever present sit up gizmo.  Most people know how to perform a “plank” exercise and have added this drill to their fitness routines.  Learning how to properly brace the core stabilizers and perform a sustained plank type isometric exercise will resolve back pain, improve the hip to shoulder girdle connection, and make you a better movement machine.  The problem is most people never advance beyond the basic plank exercise.  Triathletes need significant anti-rotation and anti-extension core strength and endurance.  I have three drills that will help keep you strong and resilient in your quest to complete you first tri.    Read the directions and give these activities a place in your fitness program.

Alternate Single Arm Planks

Position the body in a toes and elbows plank, but separate the legs so the feet are wider than the shoulders.  Lift one arm up at a 45 degree angle in relation to your body and hold for five seconds.  Lower the arm back down and try the other arm.

If you are unable to perform the alternate arm plank on the floor, regress the exercise by placing the hands on a bench in a push ups position.  Lift one arm up at a 45 degree angle in relation to your body and hold for five seconds.  Lower the arm back down and try the other arm.  How many and much?  Perform three to five repetitions on each arm.  Work up to longer hold times instead of more repetitions.  Five repetitions on each arm with a ten second hold is a good goal.

Pallof Press

You need a cable machine or resistance tubing set at mid torso level.   Position your body at a 90 degree angle in relation to the pull of the cable.  Assume an athletic posture with the feet at least shoulder width apart and the spine neutral.  Push the hips back a little and keep a slight bend in the ankles and knees.  You should look like a tennis player preparing to return an opponent’s serve.  Use a strong overlap grip on the handle and set the hands in the middle of the chest.  Brace the midsection and hips and move the handle out in front of the body and then back to the chest.  Select a resistance level that permits execution of all repetitions without losing the set up posture.  If one side is more difficult, start the exercise on that side.  Perform fifteen repetitions on each side.

Many of us have terrible respiratory patterns.  We are unable to fully inhale and exhale when under any physical stress.  The Pallof Press can be used to improve respiratory control.  Use the same set up and press the cable out.  Hold the cable with the arm fully extended while inhaling for four seconds and exhaling for six seconds.  Bring the arms back in and then repeat.  Perform four of five inhale / exhale respiration repetitions on each side.

View the video here: View Video

 Michael S. O’Hara, PT, OCS, CSCS

Triathlon Success: Hip Flexor Function

Two of the most important muscles for efficient running and a pain free set of knees are not visible in the mirror.  Most people have never heard the names of these muscles.  Located deep inside the body, covered by innards and all too often, layers of mesenteric fat, these muscles labor unloved and forgotten.  Triathletes interested in optimal performance and a body that remains injury free should give some attention to the iliacus and psoas muscles.

Anatomy

Five muscles flex the hip–bring your femur forward.  Three of the hip flexors attach to the front of your pelvis and run down the front and sides of your thigh.  They are the sartorius, tensor fascia latae, and the rectus femoris.  Two of the muscles attach to your spine and posterior pelvis and travel across all of the lumbar vertebrae, the sacroiliac joint, and the front of the hip joint.  They are the iliacus and psoas muscles.  The sartorius, tensor fascia latae, and the rectus femoris can lift your femur to parallel, 90 degrees hip flexion, and no further.  The iliacus and psoas are responsible for lifting the hip above parallel.  Many people have very weak iliacus and psoas muscles and are unable to flex the hip above 90 degrees.

Multi Joint Control

“Hip flexor” is a very simplistic description of the function of the iliacus and psoas muscles.  The iliacus and psoas flex the hip, but they also rotate the hip, stabilize the pelvic girdle / lumbar spine, decelerate hip extension and co-contract with a team of muscles to hold us upright.  Properly functioning iliacus and psoas muscles keep the pelvis stable when you walk or run and this mitigates stress on the knees and lower back.  When the iliacus and psoas muscles are weak, the pelvis tilts forward and backward.  This rotates the femur in and out and twists the knee.  Your knee joint likes to bend back and forth and dislikes any extra rotation.  Extra knee rotation wears out the back of the kneecap (patella) and places stress on the supportive cartilage (medial and lateral meniscus) of the knee.  A triathlete with a wobbly pelvis places significantly more stress on their lumbar spine.

Triathalon Considerations

Riding a bike shortens and neurologically anesthetizes the iliacus and psoas muscles.  A tight psoas muscle compresses the lumbar vertebrae together and increases pressure in the lumbar discs.  Athletes with “quad strains” often have pain in the sartorius and rectus femoris muscles that has been brought on by overuse of these muscle as they compensate for a weak iliacus and psoas muscles.  Tight and inhibited iliacus and psoas muscles are responsible for the wobbly gait pattern you frequently see as the triathlete transitions from the bike to the run.  Two drills that will improve the function of the iliacus and psoas muscles are listed below.  Read the directions and watch the video.

Standing Hip Flexor Isometric

The Standing Hip Flexor Isometric drill functions as both an evaluation and a method of restoring iliacus and psoas function.  If you struggle with this exercise, you need to spend some time and effort on improving the performance of your iliacus and psoas.  Listed below is a description of the exercise and several activity regressions and progressions.

You need a box or exercise bench.  The taller you are, the higher the bench.  Six feet tall, try a bench that is 24 inches high.  Five foot, four inches, try a twelve inch box.  A mirror for visual feedback is helpful.  Stand with the right foot on the bench and the left foot on the floor.  Hold a pvc pipe, broomstick, or golf club overhead.  Brace the abdominal muscles to keep a tall spinal position and tight lordosis (inward curve) in your lower back.  Lift the right foot off the bench by pulling the thigh up with the muscles in front of the hip.  Hold the foot off the bench in a solid and stable position for five seconds and then lower.  Do not let the position of the spine change.  Do not bend the left knee or tilt the pelvis.  The only joint that moves is the right hip.  Athletes should be able to lift and hold the right knee 30 degrees above waist level.  Start with sets of three repetitions and alternate sides.  As you get stronger, increase the duration that you hold the foot up to ten  seconds.  If one side is weaker than the other, perform more repetitions or an extra set on that side.

Bench Assisted Hip Flexor Stretch

This drill will improve hip extension range of motion and enhance mobility in all of the hip flexor muscles.  Bicyclists often have very flexed lumbar spines and limited lumbar and/or hip extension.  This mobility exercise is the antidote for the physical restrictions created by too much time in the saddle.

You will need an exercise bench or a padded chair that is 12 to 16 inches tall.  Place a cushion or Airex pad directly in front of the bench.  Set up with the left foot on the floor in front of the Airex pad and aligned with the left hip.  Place the right knee on the Airex pad and the front of the right foot up on the bench.  Stay tall through the spine and hold the position for twenty to thirty seconds.  For many people this will be enough stretch.  If you are able take the arms overhead.  Work further into the movement by bending the front knee and moving forward.  Repeat on the other side.

Video of these exercises can be found here: View Video

 Michael S. O’Hara, PT, OCS, CSCS

Triathlon Success: Foot Fitness

Foot and ankle injuries are the number one problem in the sport of triathalon.  The thousands of spins on the bike, impacts on the run, and kicks with the swim can take a toll.  Some preventative training can help speed tissue recovery in your feet and safeguard the ankles.

The foot and ankle are made up of twenty-six bones that are controlled by an elaborate combination of intrinsic and extrinsic foot muscles.  A web of fascia interconnected to the muscles creates a dynamic sling that gives our foot form and acts as a spring to propel   the body through space.  Our feet evolved to guide us over an ever-changing environment of varying surface with minimal support from footwear.  Modern footwear, deconditioning, and prior injuries can all take a toll on the functional mobility and strength of the foot and ankle.  Preventative exercise activities can go a long way to prevent painful injuries in the lower leg and foot.  Watch the video and give these activities a try.

Foot Wave

You can perform this exercise throughout the day and it will help keep your feet healthy and strong.  Point the foot (plantarflex the ankle) and flex all of the toes.  Draw the foot up (dorsiflex the ankle) and keep the toes flexed.  Extend the toes while keeping the foot pulled upward.  Point the foot downward while keeping the toes extended.  Keep the foot pointed and flex the toes.  Move through this exercise in a steady and deliberate fashion.  Take time to feel the muscles activate and stretch in the foot and lower leg.  Repeat the “foot wave” for five to ten repetitions.

Short Foot Drill

The muscles on the bottom of the foot are called the foot intrinsics.  The foot intrinsics function in a manner similar to the core muscles of the torso.  Their job is to brace the foot so it can transfer forces through a stabilized series of boney arches.  Weak or slow to respond foot intrinsic muscles impede the foot’s capacity to decelerate forces.  The short foot drill will improve foot intrinsic muscle performance.

To perform the short foot drill on the right foot, place the right foot flat on the ground and place the left foot back.  Bend the right knee about 20 degrees and lift the left heel off the ground so more weight is on your right foot.  Lift and spread the toes of the right foot.  Lower the toes back to the ground and grip the floor with the big toe.  Contract the muscles on the bottom of the foot.  You should feel a lifting of the foot arches.  Tighten the muscles of the right leg from the calf to the hip and lift the pelvic floor.  Hold this tension in the foot and leg for ten seconds and then release.  Perform five repetitions.

Soft Tissue Mobilization

Treat the soft tissue structures of the ankle and foot with a consistent program of massage.  Three or four times a week, take five minutes and perform some massage stick work to the muscles of the lower leg.  Find a tennis ball and roll out the plantar aspect of the foot.  Deep soft tissue work helps improve circulation, prevents aberrant scar tissue formation, and promotes tissue elasticity.

Cryotherapy

Age brings lower leg arthritic changes and circulatory deficiencies.  These can create pooling of inflammatory byproducts in the feet and ankles created by a week of triathalon training activity.  Cooling the feet and ankles in an ice bath can help break the chemical cycle of inflammation and enhance recovery.  At the end of a training day, fill up a bucket with water and lots of ice.  I like to get most of my lower leg under the water.  Try fifteen to twenty minutes every other day.

Watch our Foot Fitness video for demonstration of these exercises: View Foot Fitness Video

Kat Wood, DPT, ATC

Triathlon Success: Movement Prep

Limited mobility is a fairly common finding among recreational runners, bikers, and swimmers.  Very often, the deficits are worse on one side of the body.  A movement asymmetry makes any triathlete more susceptible to injury.  As a group, triathletes benefit greatly from the diligent application of a simple movement preparation program.  Movement preparation drills help prevent and/or train away mobility impairments.

Movement Prep is Superior to Stretching

For athletes, movement preparation drills are more beneficial than static stretching.  Movement prep improves postural reflexes, deceleration skills, standing balance, and coordination.  Any extra mobility you achieve with training must be controlled by your neuromuscular system during varying level of fatigue.  Movement prep develops all aspects of athleticism.  The two exercises I recommend for endurance athletes are the moving posterior lunge and the world’s greatest stretch.

Moving Posterior Lunge

Most runners and bikers have tight hip flexors, weak lateral gluteals, and limited lumbar extension range of motion.  This exercise will improve all of these areas.

Stand tall and step backward with your right leg.  Try to get the right knee close to the ground, stay balanced, and keep the torso tall.  At the same time, bring your arms overhead.  Push up with the left leg, lower the arms, and return to standing.  Repeat with the left leg and move down the track with alternating posterior lunges.  Perform ten repetitions on each leg.  Perform five times on each side.  Common mistakes are allowing the torso to tip forward and caving inward of the front knee.

World’s Greatest Stretch

Running, biking, and swimming are primarily single plane motions.  Runners do little in the way of rotational motion and often have restricted thoracic spines.  The world’s greatest stretch opens up the thoracic spine and will reveal any limitation in movement capacity between the right and left legs.

You need about ten yards of open space.  Stand tall and step forward with the left leg.  Place the hands down on the ground and attempt to lower the pelvis to the ground.  Pause, support the torso with the right hand, and turn toward the left leg.  Reach the left hand to the sky and pause in full rotation.  Return the left hand to the ground outside the left knee and gently attempt to straighten the left knee and then pause.  Bring the right leg up and return to standing.  Repeat the drill with the right leg stepping forward.  Perform five times on each side.  Many mistakes are made with this drill.  Please persevere as it is worthy of your efforts.

View the video here: Movement Prep Video

Michael S. O’Hara, PT, OCS, CSCS

Triathlon Success: Myofascial Management

Triathlon training is a vigorous and demanding athletic endeavor. The successful triathlete is often the one with the fewest injuries and the best recovery capacity.  Soft tissue mobilization with a roller helps decrease pain, improve mobility, and will speed up recovery between bouts of exercise.  Few of us can afford or dedicate the time to a daily massage.  The roller is the best do-it-yourself method of enhancing myofascial recovery.  Triathletes should begin every training session with five to ten minutes of roller work.

In the book, Anatomy Trains, Thomas Myers describes the interconnected webs of fascia and muscles that move our joints and hold us upright.  The human body is not just isolated muscles, but rather a series of interconnected lines of muscles and fascia that are reliant on one another to produce efficient movement.  The mechanical stress created by a roller keeps the tissue lines sliding and gliding across one another.  It removes neural and mechanical inhibitors of movement and makes exercise easier.

More varieties of rollers have come on the market and whenever we are faced with a lot of choices, it becomes more difficult to make a decision.  In this short presentation, I have some suggestions on the proper roller for the job.

Rollers are available in three foot and one foot lengths.  I find the longer versions easier to use.  Bigger and taller athletes generally do not do well with a short roller.

The best roller for you will depend on your tissue tolerance or how sensitive you are to the compressive forces of the roller.  If you are new to foam rolling, a low density white foam roller is softer and will create less discomfort.  As you develop better tolerance to rolling, you can progress to a firmer black foam roll.  It has been my experience that the white rolls break down faster than the firmer black versions, so be prepared to replace a white roll fairly often.

Hollow, pipe style rollers are newer to the market and I have had good results with two products.  The Grid Trigger Point roller is a cushioned hollow pipe with a grid pattern across the surface of the roller.  Many smaller clients and patients report they like the short version of the Grid roller.  Another hollow pipe version is the Rumble Roller.  This product has a series of projections that extend from the roller surface.  Self-soft tissue mobilization with a Rumble Roller is more uncomfortable than any other roller I have used.   It is a more aggressive treatment, but I have found it works well for individuals with thicker and denser muscles.

So how often should you, a triathlete, use a roller?  I like to stay active, pain free, and maintain my posture, so I use a roller every day.  Physical therapy patients with painful myofascial restrictions may need to foam roll two or three times a day.  Including five to ten minutes of foam rolling prior to a training session is the preventative medicine that will keep you on the road and out of the doctor’s office.  Watch the video that accompanies this article and get going on a roller.

View video here: Roller Video

Michael S. O’Hara, PT, OCS, CSCS

Spring Trap

Preventing Gardener’s Trauma

After a long, snowy Michigan winter, the first warm and sunny day, we charge outside and clean up the yard.  The months snow bound in the house have made the gardeners eager to start the spring clean up and prepare for the summer to come.  Most of us will spend the winter in a fairly sedentary physical state and with no physical preparation to launch into hours of challenging outdoor work activity.  Every year at our clinics, we treat patients with gardening and yard work induced injuries that could have been prevented with some modifications of activity and preventative exercise.  These are my four hints to help safeguard my gardener friends from an unintended trip to the doctor’s office.

#1: Set a Time Limit.

Most of the patients we see with gardener trauma report that they worked “all afternoon” in the yard.  It is not uncommon to hear patients report they were bending, pushing, or pulling for five or six hours.  Use some caution and limit the duration of your weeding, raking, and shoveling.  Set a time limit of two hours and then stop–the garden will be their tomorrow and you will be less likely to have to undergo a springtime MRI.

#2: Use Proper Ergonomics.

Many gardening tasks place your body in challenging positions.  Ergonomic experts go to great lengths to eliminate forward trunk flexion and sustained knee flexion from industrial work settings.  Pulling weeds and cleaning out flowerbeds combines both of these positions and can create mechanical back and knee pain.  Avoid being in the “hands and knees” position for extended periods of time by changing positions frequently.  Use knee pads to reduce compressive forces on the knee joints and purchase gardening tools with extended handles so that you need not bend as far or as often.

#3: Avoid Lifting Heavy Objects.

After a sedentary winter spent indoors watching television and knitting, the last thing you should attempt is to hoist the 40 lb. bag of fertilizer into the back of the wheelbarrow. Lifting injuries increase dramatically with loads greater than 25 pounds.  Lifting any object from the floor to standing is risky, and carrying unstable loads that can shift around increases stress on the body.  Divide heavy loads into smaller portions and avoid lifting directly off the floor.  Get a bigger, stronger, and fitter neighbor or family member to help with heavy lifting tasks.

#4: Prepare For Battle.

Gardening and yard work are challenging tasks that should be met with a degree of preparation.  If you want to work for five hours in the garden and remain pain free, you must train your body for that level of activity.  I have selected three simple exercises you can do to get yourself ready for action in the yard.  Simple modification of ergonomics, limitations on work duration, and preparatory exercise can prevent a summer of pain.

Getting Ready To Toil In The Soil.

These three exercises can help you avoid injury and make your spring gardening safer and more productive.  Ideally you will perform these drills three times a week for two or three weeks before getting outside and working.

Hip Flexor Stretches

This stretch elongates the large muscle that runs across the front of the hip and attaches to the spine.  This region tends to tighten with prolonged sitting and can restrict hip and spinal motion.  Place one knee up on a cushioned chair and the other foot slightly forward on the floor.  Keep the spine tall and bend the front knee to stretch the hip flexor muscles.  Hold for five to ten seconds and repeat five times.  Perform the stretch on the other side.

Four Point Fold Ups

If you are going to spend time on all fours, it is a good idea to train your body for this task.  Assume a four-point position, knees under the hips and hands under the shoulders.  Keep the hands stationary and drop the hips back toward the heels.  Go back to the point you feel a stretch and hold–do not stretch into pain.  You may feel this in your hips, shoulders, lower back, or upper back.  Hold for five to ten seconds and repeat five times.

Bodyweight Squats

Gardening and yard work involves a lot of squatting.  Being able to safely squat allows you to lift with better body mechanics.  Simple bodyweight squats will strengthen the legs and trunk in preparation for these tasks.  Place your feet at least shoulder width apart.  Check the foot width with a full length mirror– most people squat with the feet too close together.   Keep the heels flat on the floor and squat down by pushing the hips back.  Work on maintaining balance and control during the motion.  Practicing this movement pattern will also improve your flexibility.  Perform a series of ten repetitions and then rest and perform another set of ten.

Michael O’Hara, PT, OCS, CSCS

Training For Less Fat, More Muscle

How To Induce A Growth Hormone Response

Human growth hormone (hGH) has been a newsmaker because of athletes’ illicit use of synthetic versions of this hormone to help them perform better on the baseball diamond, football field, or bicycle race.  Bodybuilders inject synthetic hGH to help sink bodyfat levels to single digits, all the while maintaining optimal muscle mass. The last ten years of exercise science has shown what type of fitness activities induce the greatest natural growth hormone response.  Specific exercise and recovery activities have a positive effect on our body’s daily hGH production.

Human growth hormone (hGH) is secreted in a pulsatile fashion throughout the day.  A number of physiological stimuli can initiate hGH release, the most powerful of which are sleep and exercise.  Human growth hormone has many varied roles throughout your life.  For adult athletes and fitness clients, hGH helps increase fat metabolism–you get leaner, enhance muscle recovery from challenging exercise or injury, you stay stronger, and produce a healthier body composition as you age.

Resistance Training

Resistance training produces a significant exercise-induced growth hormone response (EIGR) that can last for 24 to 36 hours.  The response is greatest with full body training sessions that involve multi joint lifts and carries.  EIGR is not limited to traditional barbell or dumbbell training, but is also produced with the performance of bodyweight resistance training.  The post training hGH response gets better as the trainees became more proficient (gets stronger) with strength training.

Anaerobic Exercise

The exact mechanism that causes EIGR with anaerobic exercise is not known, but it appears to be related to higher lactic acid levels in the blood.  The activities that produce the greatest EIGR are high intensity exercise intervals lasting at least 30 seconds.  The researchers’ current recommendations for optimal EIGR are six to eight 30 second intervals of high intensity activity.  Bicycle sprints have been the most commonly used exercise modality in research studies, but other activities can be used as long as your joints and muscles can tolerate the stress.  Treadmill, stairclimber, rower, as well as track sprints and hill runs are good interval training choices.

Sleep

Human growth hormone is released in response to our natural circadian rhythms.  If your sleep-wake cycle is disturbed, the cyclical release of hGH is blunted.  Maintaining good sleep hygiene is important for optimal hGH production.  Avoid stimulants such as caffeine and alcohol before retiring to sleep.   Falling asleep and waking at consistent times creates more consistent hGH blood levels.  Just a few nights of interrupted or decreased sleep duration have been shown to reduce fat metabolism, slow muscle recovery, reduce insulin sensitivity, and decrease hGH levels.

Natural HGH Production Activity

Inducing optimal human growth hormone production is easy:  Get adequate and consistent sleep.  Every week, perform two or three high intensity interval style training sessions for six to eight sets of 30 seconds duration.  Two or three times a week perform a full body strength training program made up of full body multi joint exercises.

Michael S. O’Hara, PT, OCS, CSCS

Progression Know How

Carries, Crawls, and Core

If I could kill a word it would be “workout”.  People who are into fitness love to talk about working out, but seldom do you hear people talk about training or practicing movements.  “Workout” tends to infer any form of structured exercise with the sole purpose of expending energy or making you tired.  It focuses on today and perhaps a feeling (tired, sore, or getting a pump, etc.), but has no thought of tomorrow.   Our focus at Fenton Fitness is always on training or practicing movements.  The focus is always on the future–reducing injury risk, becoming more durable, performing better at sports or life, or just feeling better.  Our focus is on skill acquisition, not feeling tired.  Just imagine if we treated education the way we treat exercise.  Think of the difficulty of  learning a new subject every day, rarely repeating something, with the sole purpose of making it difficult.  That would be crazy, yet that is more and more of what we see in the fitness industry.  In workouts, exercises tend to change just for the sake of changing.  In training, the movements are not random and serve a direct purpose, and are therefore performed for a minimum of 3-4 weeks.  We progress these movements by performing them with more control, increasing the number of sets or reps, increasing load, or reducing rest intervals.  Here are some benchmarks that we like to use with some basic exercises to do before progressing on to the next movement.

Jeff Tirrell, CSCS, CSFC, Pn1

Carries, Crawls, and Core

Push Up Position Plank: Goal of 1 minute

Plank: Goal of 30 seconds

Side Plank: Goal of 30 seconds/side

Side Plank w/ outside foot elevated: Goal of 30 seconds/side

Side Plank w/ inside leg elevated: Goal of 30 seconds/side

Anterior Baby Crawl: goal of 15 yards with stable torso

Anterior Crawl: Goal of 30 yards with stable torso

Farmers Walk: Goal of 60 yards with body weight

Turkish Get Up (¼): Goal of 8/6kg (men/women) for 10 reps/side

Turkish Get Up (½): Goal of 10/12kg (men/women) for 6 reps/side

Turkish Get Up (full): Goal of 25% body weight for 4 reps/side.

See video demonstration of these exercises here: https://youtu.be/5OkXbOWx4mw

Progression Know How

Vertical Pull Patterns

If I could kill a word it would be “workout”.  People who are into fitness love to talk about working out, but seldom do you hear people talk about training or practicing movements.  “Workout” tends to infer any form of structured exercise with the sole purpose of expending energy or making you tired.  It focuses on today and perhaps a feeling (tired, sore, or getting a pump, etc.), but has no thought of tomorrow.   Our focus at Fenton Fitness is always on training or practicing movements.  The focus is always on the future–reducing injury risk, becoming more durable, performing better at sports or life, or just feeling better.  Our focus is on skill acquisition, not feeling tired.  Just imagine if we treated education the way we treat exercise.  Think of the difficulty of  learning a new subject every day, rarely repeating something, with the sole purpose of making it difficult.  That would be crazy, yet that is more and more of what we see in the fitness industry.  In workouts, exercises tend to change just for the sake of changing.  In training, the movements are not random and serve a direct purpose, and are therefore performed for a minimum of 3-4 weeks.  We progress these movements by performing them with more control, increasing the number of sets or reps, increasing load, or reducing rest intervals.  Here are some benchmarks that we like to use with some basic exercises to do before progressing on to the next movement.

Jeff Tirrell, CSCS, CSFC, Pn1

Vertical Pull Patterns

X Pulldowns: Goal of 50% bodyweight for 10 reps

Isometric Pull/Chin up holds: Goal of holding for 1 minute at both the top and bottom position

Eccentric Pull/Chin ups: Goal of 10 eccentric reps with a 3-5 second descent

Pull/Chin ups: Goal of 10/5 reps (men/women)

See video demonstration at: https://youtu.be/Xidv7HlNtWE

 

Progression Know How

Horizontal Pull Patterns

If I could kill a word it would be “workout”.  People who are into fitness love to talk about working out, but seldom do you hear people talk about training or practicing movements.  “Workout” tends to infer any form of structured exercise with the sole purpose of expending energy or making you tired.  It focuses on today and perhaps a feeling (tired, sore, or getting a pump, etc.), but has no thought of tomorrow.   Our focus at Fenton Fitness is always on training or practicing movements.  The focus is always on the future–reducing injury risk, becoming more durable, performing better at sports or life, or just feeling better.  Our focus is on skill acquisition, not feeling tired.  Just imagine if we treated education the way we treat exercise.  Think of the difficulty of  learning a new subject every day, rarely repeating something, with the sole purpose of making it difficult.  That would be crazy, yet that is more and more of what we see in the fitness industry.  In workouts, exercises tend to change just for the sake of changing.  In training, the movements are not random and serve a direct purpose, and are therefore performed for a minimum of 3-4 weeks.  We progress these movements by performing them with more control, increasing the number of sets or reps, increasing load, or reducing rest intervals.  Here are some benchmarks that we like to use with some basic exercises to do before progressing on to the next movement.

Jeff Tirrell, CSCS, CSFC, Pn1

Horizontal Pull Patterns

TRX Row: Goal 45 degree angle for 10 reps

One Arm DB Row: Goal of 50% bodyweight for 10 reps per arm

Inverted TRX Rows: Goal of 10 reps with full range of motion

Watch Jeff demonstrate these exercises: View Video

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